What came and followed 1492
"Leading up to the 500th anniversary of Columbus sighting of the America's which occurred in 1992, many groups came out against celebrations. Columbus had arrived in the Caribbean islands on his first voyage to the New World. He believed that he had reached India and that the Taino, the indigenous people he found there, were in fact Indians. In a later voyage, he captured and sent over 1,200 of the Taino to Europe as slaves. Further, the Spanish who remained on the islands used the Taino people as forced labor, punishing them with torture and/or death if they resisted. Adding these terrible acts to the unwitting passing of disease from the Europeans to the Taino would mean that the entire population of Hispaniola was wiped out in forty-three years. Many people cite this as the reason why Americans should not be celebrating Columbus' accomplishments. Individuals and groups continue to speak out against and in many cases protest Columbus Day celebrations."
It is uncertain how many Taíno were living in Hispaniola at first contact. Estimates of the population range from several hundred thousand to over a million. Soon after Columbus' return, more Spanish settlers arrived; and by 1504 the last major Taíno cacique was deposed during the War of Higüey. Over the subsequent ten years, living conditions for the Taíno declined steadily. The Spaniards exploited the island's gold mines and reduced the Taíno to slavery. Within twenty-five years of Columbus' arrival in Haiti, most of the Taíno had died from enslavement, massacre, or disease. By 1514, only 32,000 Taíno survived in Hispaniola.
- Russell Schimmer, GSP, Yale University
 Keegan, William F., "Destruction of the Taino" in Archaeology. January/February 1992, pp. 51-56.